Time Series

Solcast offers two variants of Time Series, Basic (hourly granularity only) and Extended (all time granularities from hourly down to 5 minute)

Time series data is a historical record of weather data for a specified location. Time series of solar radiation and meteorological variables are used during the simulation of energy production of solar power plants to understand expected year-to-year variability, seasonal or intra-day energy generation profile, and for calculation of energy estimates for P90 or other probabilistic scenarios. Recent time series data can be used to understanding how much solar radiation was reaching a site over previous months, to determine how much energy your solar panels should have generated, or to calibrate equipment, or to update energy models.

Solcast offers two variants of Time Series: Basic (hourly granularity only) and Extended (all time granularities from hourly down to 5 minute). See details on the Solcast pricing page

Time Series Data Specifications

Time granularityBasic time seriesExtended time seriesAvailable on request
60 minute5, 10, 15, 30 or 60 minute, native satellite1 minute
CoverageGlobal, except for ocean and polar regions
Spatial resolution of satellite data1-2 km
Timespan of databaseJanuary 2007 to 7 days ago (for past 7 days to present time, or forecasts, use our Live and Forecast data)
Parameters
  • Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI, W/m2)
  • Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI, W/m2)
  • Direct (Beam) Horizontal Irradiance (EBH, W/m2)
  • Diffuse Horizontal Irradiance (DIF, DHI, W/m2)
  • Global Tilted Irradiance (GTI, W/m2)
  • Cloud Opacity (%)
  • Albedo (%)
  • Solar Zenith angle (°)
  • Solar Azimuth angle (°)
  • Temperature (TEMP, °C)
  • Wind Speed (WS, m/s)
  • Wind Direction (WD, °)
  • Relative Humidity (RH, %)
  • Surface Pressure (AP, hPa)
  • Precipitable Water (PWAT, kg/m2)
  • Snow Depth (SWDE, cm)
  • Dew Point (DWPT, °C)
Files provided
  • Solcast standard CSV
  • PVsyst
Time zone
  • UTC (default for Solcast)
  • Longitudinal (default for PVsyst)
Database update frequencyDaily (Live and Forecast data is also available)
Access methodData can be ordered and downloaded via the Solcast API Toolkit
Download wait timeTypically 1 to 9 minutes

Regarding time granularity, Native satellite times are 6-minute average estimates centered on the time of the satellite scan over the actual location.

Regular period averages (at 5, 10, 15, 30 or 60 minutes) are interpolations and averages derived from the native data. The shorter periods, particularly 5 minutes, may tend to result in estimates that are minimise error, but are smoother compared to corresponding measurements, due to interpolation from the less granular satellite scans. Contact us if you need synthetically generated 1 or 5 minute irradiance data with realistic cloud variability.

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